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  • 2017 - 04 - 05
    Views: 36
    The composition of the loss for the Italian special line (2) is different. The common average loss includes both the sacrifice of the cargo and the cost loss caused by the adoption of the common average loss relief measures; the individual average loss only refers to the loss of the cargo itself, excluding the cost item. , _, (3) involved different stakeholders. The common average loss is the personal interests of the parties to the loss suffered by both parties. The single average loss only involves (4) different ways of bearing the loss. The common average loss shall be apportioned by the beneficiaries in proportion. If the beneficiary of the common average loss has insured cargo insurance or ship insurance, the insurer shall compensate the beneficiary for the assessed amount; It is your...
  • 2017 - 04 - 05
    Views: 35
    The British Green Line (3) compensates for the individual average loss, but does not compensate for the individual average loss that has not reached the agreed percentage, and will compensate all the individual average loss that has reached the agreed percentage. This is the case of the marine damage insurance provisions of some countries for compensation for individual marine damage. (4) Compensation for individual average loss, but no compensation for individual average loss that does not exceed the agreed amount, that is, the insurer will only compensate for individual average loss exceeding the agreed amount. ‘! UK Special Line (5) Unconditional compensation for individual marine damages, such as all insurance clauses in the People ’s Insurance Company ’s marine cargo transportation in...
  • 2017 - 04 - 05
    Views: 43
    The calculation of the apportioned amount of each beneficiary of the German dedicated line has two steps. First calculate a common average loss rate. This should be calculated by dividing the total amount of common average loss by the total amount of common average loss. Then, by multiplying the shared value of each beneficiary by the common average loss rate, the common average loss should be shared by each beneficiary. 、; Xi individual average loss (particular average) means that the insurance subject does not reach the full loss after the damage, and only the interests of a single party are damaged. Such loss of the German special line is borne solely by the owner of the insurance subject. The conditions that constitute a single gross loss include: the loss of the subject-matter insured...
  • 2017 - 04 - 05
    Views: 36
    The value of the common average share of the French special line cargo is calculated based on the value of the goods at the time of shipment plus insurance premiums and freight, minus the amount of loss that is not common average and the freight borne by the carrier at risk. If the goods are sold before they arrive at the port of destination, they are calculated based on the net amount of the sale plus the amount of common loss. The freight sharing value is based on the freight that the carrier bears the risk and has the right to charge at the end of the voyage. The French special line deducts the operating cost paid for the completion of the voyage after the common marine damage accident for obtaining the freight, plus the common Calculation of the amount of gross damage sacrificed. Each ...
  • 2017 - 04 - 05
    Views: 24
    The value of the Japanese special line is calculated by subtracting the estimated repair cost that is not a common average damage and the balance of the ship ’s damaged value. ②Common average loss of cargo: the sacrifice of cargo is divided into two situations: loss and damage. If the goods are lost, it shall be calculated according to the value insurance premium of the goods at the time of shipment plus freight, minus the freight that is not required to be paid due to sacrifice. If the goods are damaged, if they are sold before reaching an agreement on the degree of damage, the difference shall be calculated according to the value of the goods at the time of shipment plus insurance premium and freight, and the net difference between the goods sold. Japan special line ③Common average loss ...
  • 2017 - 04 - 05
    Views: 25
    Taiwan special line ⑦The loss caused by the unloading process. The loss suffered by cargo, fuel or materials during handling, unloading, reloading or stowage can only be reimbursed as common average if and only if the costs of these operations have been listed as common average. (2) Common average cost: ‘’ ① rescue payment. Regardless of whether it is paid according to the rescue contract or not, as long as the rescue activities are carried out for the common safety, the listed persons shall be compensated by common damage. Taiwan special line ② The load reduction of stranded ships. ③Expenses at the refuge port, etc. ④Replacement expenses. ⑤Advance fee and joint average loss interest. 3) Calculation of common average loss Xia Changhu ’s reasonable depreciation calculation, but the estimate...
  • 2017 - 04 - 05
    Views: 30
    The U.S. special line means that the loss must be directly caused by the common average loss. Indirect losses, such as shipping loss, demurrage loss, and market price drop, cannot be counted as common average loss. Special means that the loss must be abnormal. Expenditures to be made during normal navigation shall not be counted as common average. Yi'an · Daidan US special line 2) The scope of common average loss Erxian ('common average loss sacrifice. Common average loss sacrifice refers to the reasonable loss of cargo and other property caused by the rescue of cargo, etc. including: Ren ① abandon the cargo The loss of the cover. ②The loss caused by the fire on the ship. ③The loss of the abandonment of the damaged part. ④The loss caused by voluntary stranding. ⑤The loss of da...
  • 2017 - 04 - 03
    Views: 41
    Thailand's dedicated line. Moreover, the common danger must be real rather than speculative. The captain took rash thoughts and took rash measures, but afterwards proved that there was no common danger, the ship should be held liable for negligence, and could not be punished with a common average. (2) Maritime hazards must be real. The so-called real danger refers to the fact that the danger must exist objectively, only that the subjectively conjectured danger will not cause common average damage. Thailand Line (3) Measures must be intentional and reasonable. The so-called measures must be intentional, which means that when the ship encounters a shipwreck, it takes the initiative to take action to avoid the common danger of cargo. For example, a fire in the cabin and a water diversion ...
  • 2017 - 04 - 03
    Views: 28
    Part of the loss of goods caused by the Malaysian private line damage is not compensable. Partial loss (partial loss), referred to as partial loss, refers to the extent that the subject-matter insured does not reach the full loss and is partly damaged or lost. Partial losses can be divided into two types: common average and individual average.Common average loss (general average) refers to the common danger that a cargo ship encounters endangering the ship and cargo on the sea. In order to maintain the common safety of the ship and the cargo or to continue the voyage, the Malaysian dedicated line vessel intentionally and reasonably Take measures to cause some special sacrifices or special expenses for ships, cargo or freight. The common average loss and expenses shall be shared by the thre...
  • 2017 - 04 - 03
    Views: 34
    The main difference between the actual total loss and the estimated total loss of the Singapore special line (1) The actual total loss refers to the total loss of the entity of the insurance subject; the estimated total loss focuses on whether the recovery and repair of the insurance subject are cost-effective from the perspective of the value of the goods, especially If the loss cannot be repaired, the complete loss of the insurance subject will be inevitable. (2) In the case of actual total loss, the insured may require the insurer to be liable for compensation in accordance with the total loss; and in the case of presumed total loss, if the presumed total loss is claimed, the insured must first apply to the insurer Delegated, the Singapore Green Line is a prerequisite for the insurer ’s...
The bidding method of international logistics is a form in which the buyer organizes the seller to bid. The scope of the bidding method mainly includes two categories: one is the sale of commodities, such as machinery, equipment, raw materials, and bulk commodities; the other is project contracting, such as engineering construction, labor services, etc. The organizers of the bidding are mainly There are also some large industrial and commercial enterprises in the state, government departments, and public utility units. For World Bank loan projects and international government loan projects, it...
Release time: 2016 - 09 - 05
Characteristics of bidding and bidding from Germany to Hong Kong (3)Bidding and bidding are different from general import and export trade. In this way, the parties do not have to negotiate through the transaction, and there is no room for bargaining, but each bidder is invited to take a one-time submission method.Whether a bidder wins the bid depends mainly on whether the bid price is competitive. Therefore, in this way, the competition between bidders is very fierce, while the tenderer is in a more active position.Bidding and bidding business is a form of auction. Generally speaking, the sel...
Release time: 2016 - 09 - 05
France to Hong KongPreparation before bidding(1) Issue the tender notice. When adopting the method of 'selective bidding' or 'negotiating bidding', bidding notices are generally not issued. When using 'open bidding' or 'two-stage bidding', bidding advertisements should be published in domestic newspapers or authoritative magazines. Introduce the main content, requirements and bidding instructions of the bidding project. According to international practice, the bidding announcement and bidding advertisement should be issued two days before the bidding.France to H...
Release time: 2016 - 09 - 05
The delivery of bid documents from the United Kingdom to Hong Kong should generally be sealed and sent by registered mail or sent by a designated person. Bidding documents must be delivered to the tenderer before the deadline for bidding, and will expire after the deadline.3. Bid opening, bid evaluation and bid decisionBid opening means that the bid inviting party compares the bid price listed in the received bid with the proposed transaction conditions at the specified date, time and place, and then selects the bidder. The date, time and place of bid opening shall be specified in the bidding ...
Release time: 2016 - 09 - 05
Italy to Hong Kong Bid decision refers to the act of making a decision after bid evaluation and finally selecting the winning bidder. In the case where the bidder ’s lowest quotation differs greatly from other bidders ’quotations, or even lower than the“ bottom bid price ”expected by the competent authority, the bidder may rule that it is an unreasonable quotation and grant the bidding right to the higher quotation Bidder.Medium labelItaly to Hong Kong The winning bid is to select the transaction object from a number of bidders, and the winning bid will win the bid. The winning bidder must sig...
Release time: 2016 - 09 - 05
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